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タイトル: ザミンダールの地所経営機構と在地社会 : 一九世紀末二〇世紀初頭のダッカ地方の事例を中心に
その他のタイトル: Zamindar's Land Management and Local Society
著者: 中里, 成章
著者(別言語): Nakazato, Nariaki
発行日: 1987年3月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 第83冊, 1987.3, pp. 163-217
抄録: In this paper I have made a tentative attempt at throwing light upon the relationship between landlordism and local society in colonial Bengal by examining certain aspects regarding the establishment for land management.Source materials have mainly been taken from the manuscript files about the Court of Wards' estates in the Dacca division.It has been found that the zamindar of eastern Bengal gradually shifted the social base of his land management from the mandal, or the village headman, to the tahsildar who was generally recruited from what I called the jotdar-haoladar class comprising both bhadraloks and well-to-do raiyats.This shift was necessitated by the falling-off of the village autonomous system as well as by the initiative of the colonial state power in delegating central control of collection of the land surplus to the new landed class, i. e. zamindars.In this process the zamindar's land management system became more centralized in the sense that it came to absorb the functions hitherto carried out by the mandal.Secondly, it is notable that even at the turn of the nineteenth century quite an elaborate establishment-the tahsil establishment as I called it-was still required in eastern Bengal to exert on the raiyats various forms of extra-economic coercion: sheer physical force, litigation, and covert intimidation.In fact, about half of the tahsil establishment consisted of such muscle-men as peons, peadas, mirdhas and jamadars.This paper is a revised and enlarged version of chapter 14 of my ‘Agrarian Structure in the Dacca Division of Eastern Bengal 1870-1905’(Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Calcutta, March 1985).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/7243
ISSN: 05638089


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