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タイトル: サゴから石油へ : パプアニューギニア,ファス族における資源開発とその影響
その他のタイトル: From Sago to Oil : Petroleum Production and Its Social Impact among the Fasu-speaking people, Papua New Guinea
著者: 栗田, 博之
著者(別言語): Kurita, Hiroyuki
発行日: 2007年12月19日
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 第152冊, 2007.12, pp. 422-401
抄録: Mineral resources are regarded as a key to the economic independence of the island states in Oceania. Development of mineral resources frequently gives birth to, however, conflict between the national government and the local population. The aim of this paper is to describe the history of petroleum exploration in the lowland area of the Southern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea, and analyze the socio-cultural impact of the Kutubu Petroleum Development Project on the Fasu-speaking people. Petroleum exploration in New Guinea started soon after its colonialization in the late 19th century. The coastal area of New Guinea was the main target of the early exploration, although only poor results were obtained. After the World War II administrative control gradually infiltrated into the central highlands and the oil explorers started systematic geological survey and air photo survey around the highland areas. As a result, the lowland area of the southern highlands became the main target of the exploration. In 1985 the Iagifu Mountain, which belongs to one of the Fasu clans, was drilled and tested oil. The Kutubu Petroleum Development Project started in 1990, and a number of petroleum development facilities were constructed in the Fasu territory. The first oil was exported to Japan in 1992. When Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia in 1975, abundant mineral resources in its territory, particularly copper, were expected to sustain its national budget. Unfortunately the Panguna copper mine in the Bougainville island, then the only copper mine in the country, was forced to be closed because political and economic conflicts between the national government xivand the local population developed into armed clash, which resulted later in the Bougainville Independence Movement (“Bougainville Crisis”). This crisis led the government to review the national policy of mineral resources production; more profit should be distributed to the local people. This change of national policy had a great influence on the Kutubu Project, and resulted in the large amount of money flowing into Fasu landowners. Some Fasu clans started local business and investment. According to Fasu informants, “At last development visited us.” Petroleum production in the Fasu territory is presumed to last only 20 years, however. At present no economic success can be found in the Fasu business projects. When all the oil wells in the Fasu territory run dry, the Fasu people will be obliged to subsist on sago. Fortunately the petroleum production does not affect most of the Fasu sago swamps, unlike the Panguna copper mine in Bougainville which totally destroyed the natural environment and deprived the local population of their livelihood.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/8131
ISSN: 05638089


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